Telomere facts and how easy the chances of acquiring certain disease is.

Telomere facts and how easy the chances of acquiring certain disease is.

Telomere facts and how easy the chances of acquiring certain disease is.

A Telomere is the structure at the ends of chromosomes. Its main function is to act as “caps” to protect genes in the process of cellular division.

Each time a cell divides, a portion of the telomere is eroded slightly (a phenomenon known as the “end-replication problem”). When the telomeres reach a critically short length, cell division stops and these cells enter replicative senescence or apoptosis, and eventually die.

Critically short telomeres contribute to the onset of chronic and age-related diseases including heart disease, Type 2 Diabetes and some cancers, among other pathologies.

About the Test

Telomere length serves as the biomarker of the cell’s replicative capacity, which defines the biological age of the individual.  Telomere length serves as the biomarker of the cell’s replicative capacity, which defines the biological age of an individual.

Hence it is an excellent indicator of an individual’s overall general health status. Secondly, by knowing the biological age, one can get a better understanding of the lifestyle habits that impact the aging process. This affords the opportunity to make appropriate changes. Periodic re-testing to measure the results can help monitor the progress. Thirdly, the test will allow more personalized medicine as doctors are increasingly treating patients while taking into consideration their biological age.

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